On the subject of the death penalty, Californians have spoken—on more than one occasion. The most recent instance was in 2016, when voters rejected a measure to abolish the death penalty. In fact, they voted to speed up the process of executing death row prisoners by giving them a maximum of five years to file legal challenges.
Governor Gavin Newsom has also spoken on the matter. During his campaign, a spokesman told the San Francisco Chronicle that Newsom “recognizes that California voters have spoken on the issue and, if elected governor, he’d respect the will of the electorate by following and implementing the law.”
Last week, firmly installed in office, Newsom changed his mind. He overturned the will of the people and flip-flopped on that campaign promise by unilaterally putting a freeze on the death penalty in California. In this case, he did the right thing. It’s a bold move early in his tenure that shows Newsom is willing to use the mandate voters gave him last November for good, even when there’s political risk.
The death penalty as we know it represents an unfair, unjust, and unequal system that does not make us safer. Here’s why I put a freeze to it in California: https://t.co/lTsCEBcZwK
— Gavin Newsom (@GavinNewsom) March 23, 2019
I watched his news conference to see whether he’d justify breaking his pledge on overturning voters or if he’d just make a moral argument against the death penalty. He did both. Newsom clearly has long-held views against the death penalty. The question was whether he’d have to make a decision on it during his time as governor. At the conference, Newsom said he’s “had to process this in a way that I didn’t frankly anticipate a few months ago.”
Things were moving quicker than he expected when it came to approving the protocol for lethal injection, and now 25 death row inmates have used up all their appeals so the courts won’t delay the process any further. Newsom said before he became governor, “it was an intellectual conversation,” but now, “it’s not a situational conversation for me. This is about who I am as a human being. This is about what I can or cannot do. To me, this is the right thing to do.”
His decision has major implications. With 737 people on death row in California, about 25 percent of the people in the United States waiting to be executed by their government have their lives in Newsom’s hands.
Since 1973, there have been 164 people on death row who have been exonerated, including five from California, according to the Death Penalty Information Center. Our government was going to kill people who didn’t actually commit crimes they were convicted of committing. It’s a barbaric part of our broken criminal justice system that disproportionately impacts people of color. And while no one has been executed in California since 2006, it still costs more to keep someone on death row than elsewhere in prison, so it’s also a huge waste of taxpayer money. As governor, Newsom had the power to stop government killings by signing an executive order, and he did.
Defying voters, the Governor of California will halt all death penalty executions of 737 stone cold killers. Friends and families of the always forgotten VICTIMS are not thrilled, and neither am I!
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) March 13, 2019
Reaction to Newsom’s decision predictably fell on party lines, with most Democrats praising Newsom and most Republicans saying Newsom betrayed the state and that Democrats are going to lose elections because of it (spoiler: they won’t).
Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon (D-Lakewood) told me he wasn’t necessarily surprised with Newsom’s decision because it was consistent with his “personality and leadership.” He called it a “courageous act.”
“I did think there was some political risk, but it was courageous,” Rendon said. “I think those of us who serve in public office and those who serve best in public office aren’t afraid of taking those types of risks.”
Rendon is right. Governor Newsom stood up both to candidate Newsom and to voters to do the right thing for the state. Newsom’s action won’t end the death penalty in California, voters will have to do that, but it will ensure it won’t continue while he is in office.
This was a case of a politician changing his mind—and why is that a problem? Why do we think it’s better for a politician to be consistently wrong rather than change an opinion after getting new facts or seeing an issue from a new perspective? We’ve all changed our opinions on issues, and politicians should be allowed to do the same. California is better off because Newsom did.
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