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CityDig: Chavez Ravine in 1868
In honor of the triumphant Los Angeles Dodgers, we present this 145-year-old map of the land where Dodger Stadium now stands, the first of its kind to be drawn up. Chavez Ravine has been measured and argued over since the mid-19thcentury, when L.A. cartography was still a rather new occupation. Nevertheless, the city was growing and had to be measured. The map is clearly outdated (as evidenced by the scale at 1: 8 chains, or 528 feet), but this was one the city produced in an effort to sell off lands, an attempt to alleviate city indebtedness after statehood in 1850. It was created at the request of the city attorney A.J. King and attested to by members of the illustrious Mott family, delivered to the city and signed by then-mayor Cristoval Aguilar.
This early document, titled Official Map No. 4, shows Chavez Ravine, Solano, Sulphur and Cemetery Ravines (referring to the Catholic Cemetery, also known as “Old Calvary”), as well as a colorfully rendered Los Angeles River. As with many of the maps from this time period, Map No. 4 was measured out by county surveyor George Hansen, who was assisted by another famed cartographer of the time, William Moore. While some of the property was to be put up for sale, much of the land was considered unusable due to the steep terrain and less than fertile soil. Many of the lots were still kept “for public use” and marked “reserved.”
The document calls for the creation of roads 60 feet wide, nearly even with the distance from the pitcher’s mound to home plate in today’s stadium (60 feet, 6 inches). The most famous landmark seen here is Chavez Ravine, given to former city councilman Julian Chavez who, way back in 1844, received 83 acres up on the highlands outside of the pueblo. Eventually the many rolling hills were turned into public parklands at the urging of then-City Engineer George Hansen, and in 1886, 550 acres of the land were turned into Elysian Park. In the end, a great baseball stadium rose up in the area known almost a century before as the Stone Quarry Hills. Not that baseball fans are superstitious, but the numbers call out from the map: Official Map No. 4 (Dodger great center fielder Duke Snider), Chavez Ravine lot number 42 (Jackie Robinson), and the spot of land at the rear of today’s bullpen may be lot 5 (Juan Uribe’s clutch home run in 2013).
Above: Map of the 35-Acre Tracts of the Los Angeles City Land, Hancock’s Survey, George Hansen, August 1868
Los Angeles Public Library map librarian Glen Creason shares a map from the Central Library’s collection at CityThink each week.